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Some recent philosophers seem to have given their moral approval to these deplorable verdicts that affirm that the intelligence of an individual is a fixed quantity, a quantity that cannot be augmented. We must protest and react against this brutal pessimism; we will try to demonstrate that it is founded on nothing.

—Alfred Binet

What does the term intelligence mean to you? The ability to think critically, to think on your feet, or to read other people’s emotions? In this pathway you will learn about the scientific study of intelligence including its different types, its measurement, and implications. As you make your way through this learning pathway, consider how concepts like IQ, intelligence quotient, may be developed for a specific purpose but may be misapplied by those who do not fully understand it.

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Orientation

Rajiv Jhangiani provides a brief orientation to this learning pathway on intelligence.


objectives

Objectives

By the end of this learning pathway you should be able to:

  • Define intelligence
  • Explain the triarchic theory of intelligence
  • Identify the difference between intelligence theories
  • Identify a representative career for each of the eight types of multiple intelligences
  • Explain how intelligence tests are developed
  • Describe the history of the use of IQ tests
  • Describe the purposes and benefits of intelligence testing
  • Describe how genetics and environment affect intelligence
  • Explain the relationship between IQ scores and socioeconomic status
  • Describe the difference between a learning disability and a developmental disorder