Read the below article. As you do so, consider the following questions:

  • What factors contributed to the success of the Ottoman Empire?
  • How did the Ottoman Empire spread Islam?
  • What led to the Ottoman retreat?

Robert Guisepi, ‘The Ottomans: From Frontier Warriors to Empire Builders’, World History International, 1992.

Share a thought with fellow participants about this reading on WEnotes. For example:

  • The success of the Ottoman Empire …
  • The role of Islam …

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