Read chapters 8 and 9 below, pp. 281-334. As you do so, consider the following questions:

  • Where did absolutism prevail in Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?
  • How was England different?
  • What is mercantilism?
  • In which regions did England and France vie for trade, influence and territory?

Hutton Webster, World History, Boston: D.C. Heath and Co., 1921, pp. 281-334.