A project is successful when it achieves its objectives and meets or exceeds the expectations of the stakeholders.

—Watt, A. (2014) Project Management. p35



  • Read Chapter 5 (up to and excluding Politics of Projects) in the prescribed textbook (Web | PDF), (pages 35 – 38 in the PDF version).
  • While reading this introduction, consider the differences between internal and external stakeholders.


Forum - Reflecting on internal and external stakeholders

This discussion is based on your reading of the first part of Chapter 5 of the prescribed text.

As you have learned previously, stakeholders are typically classified as internal versus external.

  1. Share your thoughts on External / Internal stakeholders that are not covered in the reading, e.g. give an example project and a stakeholder not listed explaining why they are an important stakeholder that shouldn’t be overlooked. OR
  2. Share your thoughts on the most important stakeholder in a project and give reasons why you think this.

Post your responses in the forum on internal and external stakeholders.