In this section, we introduce the main phases of a project. Every project has a beginning, middle phase, and conclusion. Standard projects normally have four major phases:

Initiation -> Planning -> Implementation -> Closure


What do you feel is the most important message of the project management canvas? Post your comment below and then look on the course feed page to see what others have posted.

You must be logged in to post to WEnotes.

Note: Your comment will be displayed in the course feed.



  1. Read Chapter 3 in the prescribed textbook (Web | PDF), (pages 20 – 22 in the PDF version).
    • Pay particular attention to the activities associated with each phase.
    • Note that the large multinational case example illustrates how the phases are implemented in a complex project; however, the phases are also applied to smaller projects.
    • We suggest that you highlight or underline important concepts and relationships – this will help you in preparing for the mind map challenge.