Redlining is an American concept, which refers to the discriminatory practice of denying services, either directly, or through selectively raising prices to residents of certain areas based on racial or ethnic composition of those areas. In other words, making it extremely difficult for residents of poor neighbourhoods to borrow money or gain access to other financial services.
Historically, examples include refusing or limiting loans, mortgages and insurances within specified geographical areas, or in the case of retail, locating supermarkets impractically far from residents of the redlined area. Redlining comes from the red lines that were drawn on physical maps to designate targeted areas.
Watch this short historical documentary on redlining published by Discriminology.
- Digital redlining
- Digital redlining refers to technology policies, practices, pedagogies and investment decisions that reinforce class and race boundaries (Gilliard 2016).
For more information, you can listen to the podcast: Digital redlining and privacy, with Chris Gilliard published by Teachning in HigherEd. Chris Gilliard is a Professor of English at Macomb Community College. His scholarship concentrates on privacy, institutional technology policy, digital redlining, and the re-inventions of discriminatory practices through data mining and algorithmic decision-making, especially as these apply to college students.
Annotation - Examples of digital redlining
Racial and gender bias in Google search
Read the following articles and add or reply to annotations using Hypothes.is. Remember to tag your posts using the course code: LiDA102. (Consult the OERu support site for help on using the Hypothes.is annotation tool.)
- Noble, S., Umoja. (2013). Google Search: Hyper-visibility as a Means of Rendering Black Women and Girls Invisible. Invisible Culture: An Electronic Journal for Visual Culture, (19). (Direct hypothes.is link.)
Redlining in higher education
Choose one of the following readings and add or reply to annotations using Hypothes.is. Remember to tag your posts using the course code: LiDA102.
- Gilliard, C. (2017). Pedagogy and the Logic of Platforms. Educause Review. 3 July 2017. (Direct hypothes.is link.)
- Gilliard, C. (2016, May 24). Digital Redlining, Access, and Privacy. Retrieved July 8, 2017. (Direct hypothes.is link.)
- Gilliard, C. (2016). Digital redlining and privacy with Chris Gilliard, Teaching in HigherEd Podcast