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The questions which follow provide a basic knowledge test of selected concepts covered in this learning pathway: Find and select open resources.

The questions published at the end of each learning pathway are re-used for the knowledge test for learners interested in earning a digital badge or certificate of participation for the Digital skills for online learning (LiDA101) micro-course. Please consult the Certify participation page for more information.


True - false questions

Indicate whether the following statements are true or false:

  • Text within quotes executes an online search for the exact phrase contained within the quotation marks.
    • True
      • Correct.
    • False
      • Incorrect. To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks.
  • You can’t restrict a Google search to return results for specific file types, eg PDF.
    • True
      • No. It is possible to restrict Google searches to particular file types.
    • False
      • Correct. This statement is false.
  • “AND”, “OR”, or “NOT” are examples of Boolean operators.
    • True
      • Correct. These are called Boolean operators.
    • False
      • No. Try again. Boolean operators define the relationship between two search terms.
  • An online database search will typically not return results from the world wide web for resources not indexed in the database.
    • True
      • Correct. That’s right.
    • False
      • No. Most databases restrict searches to the data within the database.
  • A general internet search will list the most credible and accurate resources at the top of the search results.
    • True
      • Incorrect. The search algorithm does not necessarily rank results based on credibility.
    • False
      • Yes, that’s right.


Multiple choice questions

  • The CARS checklist for evaluating resources stands for:
    • Credibility, accessibility, reasonableness, support
      • Nearly right, but not quite. Accessibility is not included in the original checklist – however, it is important – you want all readers to be able to access your sources.
    • Clarity, accountability, ratings, simplicity
      • No, try again.
    • Credibility, accuracy, reasonableness, support
      • Yes, that’s right.
    • Clarity, accountability, readability, significance
      • No – these are good qualities, but not part of the checklist. Please try again.
  • Citation management software is a tool that:
    • Helps a researcher organise citations and generate a reference list
      • Yes, these are the main functions of citation management software.
    • Searches for relevant quotations on the internet
      • No, the user must locate the quotations themselves before entering them into the software.
    • Identifies plagiarism
      • No, it is the researcher’s responsibility to ensure that they have cited all their sources correctly.
    • Is used for authoring academic essays and reports
      • No, word-processing packages are typically used for authoring. However, most citation management tools provide integration with your preferred word-processing package.
  • Which ONE of the following best describes an annotated bibliography?
    • A reference list for a particular piece of research, in an approved referencing style.
      • No. This is partially correct, but there is more to it than that.
    • A recommended reading list for a research project.
      • No, an annotated bibliography is more than just recommendations.
    • A list of quotations used in a particular piece of research, with brief notes on each quotation.
      • No, the quotations themselves are not included in an annotated bibliography
    • A list of sources used for a particular piece of research, with brief notes on each source.
      • Yes, that’s right.
  • Which ONE of the following statements is true about Wikipedia?
    • Wikipedia authors have to prove knowledge of their subject before their contribution is published.
      • No, Wikipedia authors do not have to prove knowledge of their subject – but errors can be corrected by other editors.
    • Wikipedia editors have to obtain the original author’s permission before changing an entry.
      • No, anyone can change an existing article without getting the author’s permission.
    • The ability to use information sources such as Wikipedia appropriately and critically is one aspect of digital literacy.
      • Yes, being able to evaluate digital sources of information is part of digital literacy.
    • Most universities now accept direct citation of Wikipedia articles in their students’ essays.
      • No – while it is recognised that many students use Wikipedia as one of their sources of information, most academic institutions prefer citations from primary research sourcesin academic work.